The National Park has a total area of 968 square kilometers and is located in the remote mid-western Terai region of Nepal. Kathmandu is 585 kilometers away. In southern Nepal, the park is the area of wilderness that is both the biggest and least populated. Even though it is the largest park, international visitors seldom visit it.
The Sal rainforest covers around 70% of the park, with grassland, savannah, and riverine forest making up the remaining 30%. There are eight distinct ecological types in the park. The park’s administrative offices are located in Thakurdwara, which is also the location of Forest Hideaway. The Thakuru, an indigenous ethnic group, live nearby in idyllic villages and fields. Bardia was first used as a hunting reserve before changing to a conservation area in 1976 and finally becoming a national park in 1988. Currently, a plan to expand the park farther north and eastward is under consideration. Bardia has a strong emphasis on conservation, and the park’s ideal setting for studying wildlife complements its role as a habitat for numerous species. The WWF and the King Mahendra Trust for Nature Conservation monitor wildlife and maternity grounds in the park. They have also put in place a program to educate the populace about conservation and its importance.